From Mouth to Body: The Dangers of Untreated Gum Disease

by | Jan 29, 2024 | Gum Disease

from mouth to body the dangers of untreated gum diseasejpg

Have you ever wondered about the silent trouble brewing in your gums? Gum disease, a bacterial infection triggered by plaque and tartar buildup on teeth surfaces, creates pockets where harmful bacteria thrive, leading to gum disease.

Initially causing local problems like bad breath, tooth decay, swollen and bleeding gums, and more, untreated periodontal disease can escalate. Imagine persistent issues like loose teeth, bite changes, and bone degeneration.

What often goes unnoticed is the broader impact – it’s not just a dental concern. Gum disease extends its reach to affect overall health and other body systems, revealing a hidden layer of discomfort beneath the surface.

Understanding the Potential Impact of Gum Disease on General Health

Many may need to be aware that gum disease can affect overall health. The connection between an infection in the mouth and its potential harm to the rest of the body might not be immediately evident.

Despite the infection being localised in the oral cavity, the bacteria associated with periodontal disease can influence the entire body by compromising the immune system and spreading through the respiratory system and bloodstream.

Relationships Between Gum Disease and Other Health Issues

1. Dementia

Recent research indicates a possible connection between dementia risk and gum disease. The negative impact of dementia includes impairments in memory, judgement, social interaction, and overall functioning.

2. Heart Disease

While the precise connection between gum disease and heart disease remains unclear, there is an established correlation.

Individuals with gum disease have an elevated risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and conversely, those with cardiovascular disease are more prone to developing gum disease.

3. Diabetes

Gum disease and diabetes share a reciprocal relationship. Diabetes raises blood glucose levels, which feed bacteria, particularly those linked to periodontal problems, making people with diabetes more vulnerable to gum disease.

On the other hand, people without diabetes who also have gum disease have an increased chance of developing diabetes because gum disease raises blood sugar levels.

4. Respiratory Infections

Elevated bacteria in the mouth can heighten the risk of inhaling harmful bacteria, potentially leading to respiratory infections, such as pneumonia.

5. Reproductive Problems

Both men and women may experience reproductive health issues due to gum disease.

Women with periodontal disease may face prolonged conception times, a higher risk of premature birth, and infants with low birth weight. In men, gum disease can impact sperm health, count, and motility.

6. Certain Cancers

The risk of stomach and oesophageal malignancies has been linked to gum disease, increasing it by 52% and 43%, respectively.

7. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Although the exact connection between periodontal disease and rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, the two conditions are certainly related.

Gum disease is twice as common in those with rheumatoid arthritis than it is in people without the condition, and it is also more severe in those who have rheumatoid arthritis.

Treatment and Prevention of Gum Disease


In its initial stage, gingivitis, gum disease can be reversed through diligent oral hygiene practices at home and the dental office.

As the disease progresses, a complete cure becomes unattainable. Still, effective management is possible through regular professional cleanings and various treatment approaches such as scaling and root planing, more frequent dental cleanings, antibiotic dental trays, and, in severe cases, surgery.


Preventing gum disease is critical to avoid its development. The best preventive step is to practise good dental hygiene.

Alongside daily flossing (preferably twice a day), individuals should brush their teeth for two minutes twice daily, using a toothpaste formula approved by dental authorities.

For those at an elevated risk, the use of antibacterial mouthwash may be recommended by the dentist.

In addition to home care, regular dental visits every six months for professional teeth cleaning and a dental exam are essential components of preventive oral health practices.

Gum Disease Treatment in Gordon

Many people struggle with gum disease, but getting professional help can significantly improve your smile and overall health.

Our dental team at Northern Dental Gordon provides safe and effective gum disease treatments for everyone.

Visit your Gordon dentist today!

Call us at (02) 9498 8290 or book an appointment online.

We are located at Suite 3, 2 St Johns Ave in Gordon.